Location: Western Europe
Time zone: GMT/UTC
Daylight savings time: during northern hemisphere summer
Current time: 10:04
Currency: British pound
Dialling code: +44
Internet suffix: .uk
The United Kingdom is a Western European island country known for its regional diversity, rich history and world influence.
For further analysis and information on British overseas territories and crown dependencies please select from the following menu:
British Indian Ocean Territory
British Virgin Islands
Isle of Man
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Turks and Caicos Island
Overall security situation: mostly secure
Crime rate: extremely low
Murder rate: extremely low
Gun ownership levels: average
Kidnapping hotspot: no
Maritime piracy hotspot: no
Do landmines/unexploded munitions pose a significant risk in parts of the country: no
Overall the United Kingdom is a fairly stable country. Institutions are highly resilient, well-resourced and capable.
Both the crime rate and murder rate are extremely low by global standards, with good police coverage and a well-resourced professional judicial system. Gun ownership levels are average by global standards.
Civil unrest poses a relatively low level of risk. Protests and demonstrations are frequent and occasionally disruptive but they are usually non-violent and well-managed.
Terrorism poses a moderate level of risk with ongoing sporadic incidents of terrorist activity and violence.
Aviation safety levels: standard (including in overseas territories)
Annual road fatality rates: low
Vehicles drive on the: left
Infrastructure quality: excellent
Urban ATM availability: very good
Electricity supply: 230V 50Hz
Electricity supply reliability: consistent
Plug types: G
Plug type G (3 rectangular pins, grounded/earthed)
Is tap water drinkable: yes
Healthcare quality: among the best healthcare provision in the world
Infectious disease prevalence: extremely low
Travellers should consult a medical practitioner prior to their trip but the following vaccines may be considered before travelling to the country, depending on factors such as specific destination, planned activities, intended time and length of stay as well as personal medical conditions (in some cases no additional vaccines may be required at all):
- Standard vaccinations (ie those commonly used in the developed world, such as diphtheria, measles, mumps, polio, rubella, tuberculosis and tetanus)
Malaria risk: none
Yellow fever presence: no
Dengue fever prevalence: rare/non-existent
Rabies prevalence: rare/non-existent
HIV prevalence in society: low
Hepatitis A prevalence: low
Hepatitis B prevalence: low
Hepatitis E prevalence: not highly endemic
Cholera status: low risk
Chikungunya virus presence: not present
Zika virus presence: not in Great Britain and Northern Ireland but overseas dependencies in the Caribbean have either suffered recent outbreaks or are considered vulnerable to future ones
Japanese encephalitis presence: no
Cutaneous leishmaniasis presence: non-endemic
Visceral leishmaniasis presence: non-endemic
Onchocerciasis presence: non-endemic
Schistosomiasis presence: none
Tick-borne encephalitis status: low/non-existent risk
Chagas disease presence: none
Typhoid fever presence: sporadic
African trypanosomiasis presence: none
Plague status: not thought to be present
Rift Valley fever status: not present
Lassa fever status: not present
Polio status: not endemic
Ebola outbreaks: only cases where patient was infected elsewhere; outbreak subsequently contained
Meningococcal meningitis hotspot: no
Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; often overcast
Terrain: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast
Natural disaster risk: low
Natural hazards: winter storms; flooding; extreme temperatures
Tropical storms: few/none
Volcanic activity: low/none
Previous earthquake(s) with over 1,000 fatalities: no
Government type: constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm
Socio-economic development score: 10/10 (among the highest levels of socio-economic development in the world)
Adult literacy rate: 100%
Unemployment rate: very low
Civil liberties: well respected
Investment rating: investment grade
Corruption levels: low
Same-sex sexual activity: legal
Death penalty: abolished
Languages: English, Scots, Welsh, Gaelic, Irish, Cornish, numerous minority languages
Ethnic groups: white 87.2%, black/African/Caribbean/black British 3%, Asian/Asian British: Indian 2.3%, Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9%, mixed 2%, other 3.7%
Beliefs: Christian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, unspecified 7.2%, none 25.7%
- The following advice has been compiled by travel safety specialists and ex-special forces personnel.
- However, please note that it is of a general nature only and may not reflect the reality of your circumstances.
- Ensure you have proper insurance cover in place.
- Select good quality accommodation and properly prepare for any tasks, excursions or other activities you have to undertake.
- Be mindful of local laws and cultural norms, bearing in mind that they might be different to what you are accustomed to.
Safe country guidelines
- Even in relatively safe parts of the world, accidents, illnesses and other incidents can still affect traveller safety.
- Make sure you know how to find help if you need it (such as the local emergency service numbers).
- There may still be a risk of opportunistic crime so be mindful of your belongings and take responsibility for your own actions.
- If rainfall, flooding, extreme temperatures or other types of severe weather are a concern, check the local weather patterns to find out if there are times of the year where the risk is much higher.
- Consider avoiding travel to at-risk destinations during these times.
- Try to stay in good quality accommodation.
- Take appropriate clothing and footwear.
- Take appropriate protection for any sensitive equipment you wish to bring.
- Note that storms, flooding and other types of harsh weather can overload infrastructure, lead to traffic jams and power cuts.
- Flooding and heavy rainfall can also raise the risk of landslides, as well as insect- and water-borne diseases in some parts of the world.
- As such, be prepared to delay, alter or even cancel travel plans to affected or high-risk areas.
- Terrorism can pose a risk, even in otherwise mostly safe countries.
- Assess the trends and tactics of any relevant terrorist organisations with the potential for targeting your location and identify potential targets.
- Be vigilant in and around these areas, which could include crowded places, symbolic or sensitive political sites, or busy restaurant, nightlife or tourist spots.
- Use your judgement on the frequency of incidents taking place. Just because an incident has taken place in a certain city does not mean that the city will regularly be hit again – use rational judgement to decide whether or not there is a likelihood that you will be caught up in any future incidents.
- Be aware of your surroundings and be prepared to react at short notice in the event of an incident.
- In the event of an incident, get out of the area quickly if it is safe to do so.
- Alternatively hide and try to keep out of harm’s way.
- In most cases you should only try to help other people if it is safe for you to do so.
- Keep quiet and notify the relevant authorities, colleagues or loved ones only when you are out of danger.
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