malta



Location: Central Mediterranean
Capital: Valletta

Time zone: GMT/UTC plus 1 hour
Daylight savings time: during northern hemisphere summer
Current time: 02:42
Population: 445,426
Currency: euro
Dialling code: +356
Internet suffix: .mt

Malta is a Mediterranean island country known for its pleasant climate and historical sites. It is a very popular tourist destination.


Overall security situation: secure
Crime rate: extremely low
Murder rate: very low
Gun ownership levels: moderately high in comparison to the rest of the world
Kidnapping hotspot: no
Maritime piracy hotspot: no
Do landmines/unexploded munitions pose a significant risk in parts of the country: no

Malta is one of the most secure parts of the world. The crime rate is extremely low with infrequent incidents, good police coverage and a well-resourced professional judicial system. Murders are very rare.

Society is content while demonstrations are usually infrequent, peaceful, orderly and professionally managed.

There is a very low risk of terrorism, although there is a theoretical threat posed by the same regional issues affecting Western Europe and North Africa.


Aviation safety levels: standard
Taxi services: generally considered safe to use
Annual road fatality rates: low
Vehicles drive on the: left
Infrastructure quality: good
Urban ATM availability: good
Electricity supply: 230V 50Hz
Electricity supply reliability: consistent
Plug types: G

Plug type G (3 rectangular pins, grounded/earthed)




Is tap water drinkable: yes but some travellers may experience an upset stomach
Healthcare quality: among the best healthcare provision in the world
Infectious disease prevalence: extremely low

Vaccinations

Travellers should consult a medical practitioner prior to their trip but the following vaccines may be considered before travelling to the country, depending on factors such as specific destination, planned activities, intended time and length of stay as well as personal medical conditions (in some cases no additional vaccines may be required at all):

  • Standard vaccinations (ie those commonly used in the developed world, such as diphtheria, measles, mumps, polio, rubella, tuberculosis and tetanus)

Disease presence

Malaria risk: none
Yellow fever presence: no
Dengue fever prevalence: rare/non-existent
Rabies prevalence: rare/non-existent
HIV prevalence in society: low
Hepatitis A prevalence: low
Hepatitis B prevalence: low
Hepatitis E prevalence: not highly endemic
Cholera status: low risk
Chikungunya virus presence: not present

Zika virus presence: not recently reported
Japanese encephalitis presence: no
Cutaneous leishmaniasis presence: endemic
Visceral leishmaniasis presence: endemic
Onchocerciasis presence: non-endemic
Schistosomiasis presence: none
Tick-borne encephalitis status: low/non-existent risk
Chagas disease presence: none

Typhoid fever presence: sporadic
African trypanosomiasis presence: none
Plague status: not thought to be present
Rift Valley fever status: not present
Lassa fever status: not present
Polio status: not endemic
Ebola outbreaks: no
Meningococcal meningitis hotspot: no


Climate: Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Natural disaster risk: very low
Natural hazards: relatively few: some seismic activity; occasional flooding
Tropical storms: few/none
Volcanic activity: low/none
Previous earthquake(s) with over 1,000 fatalities: no


Government type: republic
Socio-economic development score: 9/10 (very high levels of socio-economic development)
Adult literacy rate: 94.4%
Unemployment rate: low
Civil liberties: well respected
Investment rating: rated investment grade by at least two major ratings agencies
Corruption levels: moderate
Same-sex sexual activity: legal
Death penalty: abolished
Languages: Maltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9%
Ethnic groups: Maltese
Beliefs: Roman Catholic (official) more than 90%

General guidelines

  • The following advice has been compiled by travel safety specialists and ex-special forces personnel.
  • However, please note that it is of a general nature only and may not reflect the reality of your circumstances.
  • Ensure you have proper insurance cover in place.
  • Select good quality accommodation and properly prepare for any tasks, excursions or other activities you have to undertake.
  • Be mindful of local laws and cultural norms, bearing in mind that they might be different to what you are accustomed to.

Safe country guidelines

  • Even in relatively safe parts of the world, accidents, illnesses and other incidents can still affect traveller safety.
  • Make sure you know how to find help if you need it (such as the local emergency service numbers).
  • There may still be a risk of opportunistic crime so be mindful of your belongings and take responsibility for your own actions.

Weather

  • If rainfall, flooding, extreme temperatures or other types of severe weather are a concern, check the local weather patterns to find out if there are times of the year where the risk is much higher.
  • Consider avoiding travel to at-risk destinations during these times.
  • Try to stay in good quality accommodation.
  • Take appropriate clothing and footwear.
  • Take appropriate protection for any sensitive equipment you wish to bring.
  • Note that storms, flooding and other types of harsh weather can overload infrastructure, lead to traffic jams and power cuts.
  • Flooding and heavy rainfall can also raise the risk of landslides, as well as insect- and water-borne diseases in some parts of the world.
  • As such, be prepared to delay, alter or even cancel travel plans to affected or high-risk areas.